Public administration entails civil servants implementing a specified policy within the confines of a government executive framework. Public administrators ensure that every facet of federal, state, and local public services are offered and executed to help pave the way for the future. A secondary educational degree in public administration will equip the student with enough academic knowledge to pursue jobs in both government, private, and non-profit organizations. An education between each pursuit will provide a competitive edge for the individual who obtains the necessary skills to complete the job. Some public administrators will move around to various sectors throughout their career. For instance, entry-level public administrators may begin in a non-profit organization, while others may transfer to a government branch. A public administration degree or its equivalent will provide greater flexibility in order to change career titles. Some of these careers include positions in healthcare, federal emergency agencies, international relief associations, and animal welfare organizations.
Undergraduates can expect to enter the workforce in rapidly evolving and maturing governmental and non-governmental institutions, although opportunities may become limited for those without higher education. Stronger competitive candidates will possess a Bachelor’s Degree in Public Administration. These degree programs emphasize public finance problem solving, program development, policy formation, human resources, public relations, leadership, management, and critical thinking skills. Higher level positions are offered to candidates who obtain a Master of Business Administration (MBA) or Master of Public Administration (MPA) degree. Depending on the degree program, most students can finish within a few years. Students will learn to grasp the underlying principles of analytical, conceptual, and practical applications. The curriculum may include: grant writing, policy construction, human resource and financial management. Doctoral candidates may bring changes to public policy and public administration through social reform. Students who pursue a doctoral degree usually have a number of years of work experience in public administration. These higher-echelon candidates will be expected to provide an even greater depth of research.
Public administrators can execute a wide array of career choices in the government sector, including policy ad visor, budget analyst, city manager, city planner, and executive assistant. Most of these positions require a master’s degree or higher in business or public administration. Additionally, candidates with an undergraduate degree may pursue jobs in social services that may include supervisory, managerial, and directional positions, depending on past work experiences and displayed competencies. Others may find refuge in special interest groups, religious, political, trades, or other various associations. For instance, association executives execute a variety of duties, depending on their positions and overall size of the organization. Association executives advance policy agendas and establish goals to maintain their membership. Public administration salaries range from about $20,000 to $175,000, depending on the level of education and work experience acquired throughout a candidate’s career.
Government Policy Analysts:
Government policy analysts are responsible for creating program policy and then evaluating its effectiveness. Policy analysts introduce pertinent decisions with data sets and hypotheses regarding the possible effects of the proposed policy. Afterward, they critique the results and then make adjustments according to need.
- Public Policy, Think Tanks & NGOs – What you need to know?
- Scientific Insight and Integrity in Public Policy
Social advocacy represents the commitment to address concerns of any societal group, either rights or needs based issues. Social advocacy scrutinizes any aspect of society that exploits and takes advantage of the voiceless and overlooked individuals in a community. Social advocates have good analytical skills and courage to stand against oppressive forces while questioning the status quo. Social advocates include revolutionary leaders, human rights activists, lobbyists, community workers, environmentalists, and charity organization professionals.
Grantmaking and Giving Services:
Grantmaking and giving services within the United States affect every aspect one’s life. These services work to address public issues through independent action and civic engagement. Most grantmaking and giving services are nonprofit organizations that describe institutions of a nongovernmental or private structure (NGOs).
- Grantmaking and Giving Services
- How to use the Grantmaking and Giving Services Women and Minorities in Business by Industry Dataset
- U.S. Census Bureau: Grantmaking and Giving Services
According to the United Nations, civil affairs officers intervene to stabilize tumultuous situations in independent nations. Civic staff members are at the forefront with local governing officials, society, and other partners in the international community. Civic officers work social, national and political levels.
- National Association of Civic Officers
- Open Trench Mishaps: Civic Officers Will be Punished
- Chief Academic Officers and Institutional Change:The Example of Community Engagement
Health Care Administration:
Healthcare administration relates to leadership, management, and administrative duties in hospitals and healthcare systems. Healthcare systems management, a low-profile health profession, aids in the financial management, access, and patient quality care in hospitals and health systems for the less than fortunate.
- Health Care Administration
- Health Administration Press
- American Association of Healthcare Administrative Management (AAHAM)
A city manager, or an appointed official over a city, governs a city government. Local official serve as a chief executive officer (CEO) in a particular municipality. A city manager sets forth the charter or other form of codified law, instead of assigned duties.